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Understand IoT and RPA Technology, the Nerdy Way

Understand IoT and RPA Technology, the Nerdy Way

Internet of Things (IoT) and Robotic Process Automatic (RPA) are two of the most commonly used technological innovations used across sectors. The valuation of these innovations is worth 1.5 trillion dollars because of their effective application across domains. So, let’s understand this world-transforming technology.

What are IoT and RPA?

IoT and RPA are technologies embedded in our day-to-day routine to make our lives easier. As per Gartner, Internet of Things is the network of physical objects that contain embedded technology to communicate and sense or interact with their internal states or the external environment. To simplify it, the Internet of Things is a working system put to use to any physical or intellectual human activity to calculate further and analyse its productivity.

For example, consider a smartwatch. The smartwatch allows you to track your steps, health beat, Oxygen level, etc. This is possible because of the IoT technology.

Similar to this technology is RPA or Robotic Process Automatic- a software technology that makes it easy to build, deploy and manage software robots that emulate humans’ actions interacting with digital systems and software.

In other words, RPA helps humans automate processes at ease. For example, onboarding a new employee or collecting feedback from customers. Each of these functions can be conducted at ease with RPA.

Why We Need IoT and RPA?

As discussed above, we’ve gauged that these technologies are deeply embedded in our lives. But the reasons why we need IoT and RPA are that it provides accurate data, increase productivity, and minimize operational cost.

IoT and RPA are also used in detecting natural calamities by tracking and monitoring systems efficiently, helping in interactive performances of the team leading to a better quality of life.

What are the Different Types Of IoT and RPA?

IoT and RPA differ in functionalities and purposes. Categorized by their functionalities, there are various types in both of them. They are:

5 types of IoT are:

Consumer Internet of Things (IoT):

Consumer Internet of Things or CIoT is an interconnected system of physical and digital objects personally used by the consumer. It includes the consumer market, like smart wearables, smartphones, smart home devices, light fixtures, etc.

Commercial Internet of Things:

Commercial IoT are the devices and systems for business and enterprise use. The connected devices are similar to the Consumer IoT but differ in their function as it focuses on directing toward commercial companies.

They are mainly used in hospitals, stores, offices, hotels, supermarkets, schools, etc., to communicate and automatically broadcast information at the right interval. Smart pacemakers and monitoring systems are some of the IoT used for commercial.

Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT):

Industrial IoT is the use of the internet of things through smart sensors and devices to intensify in industrial sectors and applications during manufacturing and industrial processes.

The Industrial Internet of Things is also characterized by a customized IoT solution that caters to each industry. Example includes digital control systems, smart agriculture, and big industrial data.

Infrastructure IoT:

Infrastructure IoT is the devices, technology, and other related requirements to operate and maintain IoT devices.
They are primarily used for connectivity in smart cities. For example, Infrastructure sensors and management systems.

Internet of Military Things (IoMT)

Internet of Military Things (IoMT) is a network that uses cloud and edge computing utilizing biometrics, environmental sensors, and other devices. It is used to send and receive data quickly and be aware of anything that allows military personnel to respond to potentially dangerous battlefield situations.

They are also used to control diverse conflict zones and battle areas with human-wearable biometrics and surveillance.

3 Types of RPA are:

Attended Automation

Attended Automation is automation that runs under human supervision and is designed to work collaboratively with people in real-time.
This is suitable for automation tasks and processes at an individual level. However, it is often triggered manually whenever the user wants to run it.

Unattended Automation

In Unattended Automation, it completes its task autonomously from start to finish without any human supervision. All inputs and logic are programmed into the robot, and all choices will be considered.
It runs automatically on a schedule or as a response to an API call.

Hybrid RPA

Hybrid RPA is a combination of attended and unattended automation, which helps in enabling human work to pass to the robot automatically or by human prompt, allowing both to work on different tasks simultaneously.

This automation has the ability to move back and forth between the human and the robot for processes that have the key “decision making” touchpoints, multiple variations, or outcomes processes.

What are the career opportunities in IoT and RPA?

If you are pumped about these technologies and interested in working in these fields too. Know about some of the top careers you can pick from:

  • RPA Developer
  • Project Manager
  • RPA Architect
  • Business Analyst
  • RPA Technical Writer
  • IoT Data Analytics
  • IoT Network Architect
  • IoT Hardware Expert
  • Sensors and Actuator Professional
  • Embedded Programs Engineer for IoT

The above subsections provide you with the necessary overview of IoT and RPA. We have now gathered an understanding of two of the most sophisticated systems of technology that we come across on an everyday basis. This advanced technology helps make informed, wise choices. Thus, making it a viable resource for humankind.

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Romina Gopalan is a top-notch upskilling advisor & content writer. Her areas of expertise include Digital Marketing, Data Sciences, IoT, RPA, and UX/UI writing. Her sharp research and writing skills allow her to identify futuristic opportunities. Thus, helping you understand how you can leverage expertise in any domain.


  1. Thank for this blog, I found the post very interesting and I want to learn more about IoT.

  2. I appreciate the your hard work

  3. I appreciate the time and effort you put into your research.


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